Ielts academic practice test 3 reading answers driving on air

From Mexico City and New York to Singapore and Tokyo, new solutions to this old problem are being proposed, Mailed and implemented with ever increasing speed.

Local authorities in London are campaigning to be allowed to enforce anti-pollution laws themselves; at present only the police have the power to do so, but they tend to be busy elsewhere. In Singapore, renting out road space to users is the way of the future. Older cars were the worst offenders; though a sizeable number of quite new cars were also identified as gross polluters, they were simply badly tuned. The aim is to remove the heaviest-polluting, most decrepit vehicles from the roads.

It gauges the pollution from a passing vehicle - more useful than the annual stationary rest that is the British standard today - by bouncing a beam through the exhaust and measuring what gets blocked. E The effort to clean up cars may do little to cut pollution if nothing is done about the tendency to drive them more. One solution is car-pooling, an arrangement in which a number of people who share the same destination share the use of one car. However, the average number of people in a car on the freeway in Los Angeles, which is 1.

Increasing it would be an effective way of reducing emissions as well as easing congestion. The trouble is, Los Angelinos seem to like being alone in their cars. F Singapore has for a while had a scheme that forces drivers to buy a badge if they wish to visit a certain part of the city. Electronic innovations make possible increasing sophistication: rates can vary according to road conditions, time of day and so on.

Singapore is advancing in this direction, with a city-wide network of transmitters to collect information and charge drivers as they pass certain points.

Such road-pricing, however, can be controversial. When the local government in Cambridge, England, considered introducing Singaporean techniques, it faced vocal and ultimately successful opposition.

Inthe United Nations Environmental Programme and the World Health Organisation WHO concluded that all of a sample of twenty megacities - places likely to have more than ten million inhabitants in the year - already exceeded the level the WHO deems healthy in at least one major pollutant. Two-thirds of them exceeded the guidelines for two, seven for three or more. Of the six pollutants monitored by the WHO - carbon dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulphur dioxide, lead and particulate matter - it is this last category that is attracting the most attention from health researchers.

PM10, a sub-category of particulate matter measuring ten-millionths of a meter across, has been implicated in thousands of deaths a year in Britain alone. Research being conducted in two counties of Southern California is reaching similarly disturbing conclusions concerning this little-understood pollutant.

A worldwide rise in allergies, particularly asthma, over the past four decades is now said to be linked with increased air pollution. The lungs and brains of children who grow up in polluted air offer further evidence of its destructive power the old and ill; however, are the most vulnerable to the acute effects of heavily polluted stagnant air. It can actually hasten death, so it did in December when a cloud of exhaust fumes lingered over the city of London for over a week.

The United Nations has estimated that in the year there will be twenty-four mega-cities and a further eighty-five cities of more than three million people. The pressure on public officials, corporations and urban citizens to reverse established trends in air pollution is likely to grow in proportion with the growth of cities themselves.Each correct answer receives 1 mark.

Scores are reported in whole and half bands. We remember and store information about how you use the website.

This is done using simple text files called cookies which sit on your computer. These cookies are completely safe and secure and will never contain any sensitive information. The Academic Reading test is 60 minutes long. There are 3 sections. The total text length is 2, words. Each section contains one long text. Texts are authentic and are taken from books, journals, magazines and newspapers. They have been written for a non-specialist audience and are on academic topics of general interest.

Texts are appropriate, and accessible, to test-takers entering undergraduate or postgraduate courses, or seeking professional registration. Texts range from descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. Texts may contain non-verbal materials, such as diagrams, graphs or illustrations. If texts contain technical terms, a simple glossary is provided. Marking Each correct answer receives 1 mark.Found a mistake? Let us know! Share this Practice Test.

Air pollution is increasingly becoming the focus of government and citizen concern around the globe. From Mexico City and New York, to Singapore and Tokyo, new solutions to this old problem are being proposed, Mailed and implemented with ever increasing speed.

Action is being taken along several fronts: through new legislation, improved enforcement and innovative technology. Local authorities in London are campaigning to be allowed to enforce anti-pollution lows themselves ; at present only the police have the power to do so, but they tend to be busy elsewhere. In Singapore, renting out toad space to users is the way of the future. Older cars were the worst offenders; though a sizeable number of quire new cars were also identified as gross polluters, they were simply badly tuned.

The aim is to remove the heaviest-polluting, most decrepit vehicles from the roads. As part of a European Union environmental programme, a London council is resting an infra-red spectrometer from the University of Denver in Colorado. It gauges the pollution from a passing vehicle - more useful than the annual stationary rest that is the British standard today - by bouncing a beam through the exhaust and measuring what gets blocked.

The councils next step may be to link the system to a computerised video camera able to read number plates automatically. The effort to clean up cars may do little to cut pollution if nothing is done about the tendency to drive them more. However, the average number of people in o car on the freeway inwhich is 1. Increasing it would be an effective way of reducing emissions as well as easing congestion. Electronic innovations make possible increasing sophistication: rates can vary according to road conditions, time of day and so on.

Singapore is advancing in this direction, with a city-wide network of transmitters to collect information and charge drivers as they pass certain points. Such road-pricing, however, can be controversial. When the local government in Cambridge, England, considered introducing Singaporean techniques, it faced vocal and ultimately successful opposition. Inthe United Nations Environmental Programme and the World Health Organisation WHO concluded that all of a sample of twenty megacities - places likely to have more than ten million inhabitants in the year - already exceeded the level the WHO deems healthy in at least one major pollutant.

Exam Review

Two-thirds of them exceeded the guidelines for two, seven for three or more. PM10, a sub-category of particulate matter measuring ten-millionths of a metre across, has been implicated in thousands of deaths a year in Britain alone. Research being conducted in two counties of Southern California is reaching similarly disturbing conclusions concerning this little- understood pollutant. A world-wide rise in allergies, particularly asthma, over the past four decades is now said to be linked with increased air pollution.

The lungs and brains of children who grow up in polluted air offer further evidence of its destructive power The old and ill, however, are the most vulnerable to the acute effects of heavily polluted stagnant air. It con actually hasten death, os it did in December when a cloud of exhaust fumes lingered over the city of London for over a week. The United Nations has estimated that in the year there will be twenty-four mega-cities and a further eighty-five cities of more than three million people.

The pressure on public officials, corporations and urban citizens to reverse established trends in air pollution is likely to grow in proportion with the growth of cities themselves.

Progress is being made.

ielts academic practice test 3 reading answers driving on air

Great thanks to volunteer Ngoc Nguyen has contributed these explanations and question markings. If you want to make a better world like this, please contact us. Look at the following solutions Questions and locations.

Argentina usd bond yields

Match each solution with one location.Further sample readings are available by clicking on the links on the right or following the link at the end of each page. A drunk man assaulted another passenger and bit a flight attendant. However, the man escaped punishment because it was not then clear under whose legal control a crime committed on plane was, the country where the plane was registered or the country where the crime was committed. Inat the Tokyo convention, it was decided that the laws of the country where the plane is registered take precedence.

B The frequency of air rage has expanded out of proportion to the growth of air travel. Until recently few statistics were gathered about air rage, but those that have been indicate that passengers are increasingly likely to cause trouble or engage in violent acts. C Aside from discomfort and disruption, air rage poses some very real dangers to flying. The most extreme of these is when out of control passengers enter the cockpit.

This has actually happened on a number of occasions, the worst of which have resulted in the death and injury of pilots or the intruder taking control of the plane, almost resulting in crashes. In addition, berserk passengers sometimes attempt to open the emergency doors while in flight, putting the whole aircraft in danger. These are extreme examples and cases of air rage more commonly result in physical assaults on fellow passengers and crew such as throwing objects, punching, stabbing or scalding with hot coffee.

D The causes of air rage are not known for certain, but it is generally thought that factors include: passenger behavior and personality, the physical environment and changes in society. A recent study has identified the issues that start the incidents to be as follows. Fear of flying and the feeling of powerlessness associated with flying can lead to irritable or aggressive passengers. Also, alcohol consumed on a plane pressurized to ft affects the drinker more quickly and the effects are stronger.

Waveshare eink sleep

Many people do not take account of this and drinking may increase any negative reaction to the flying environment they have, which, combined with the lowering of their inhibitions, may cause air rage. Smoking withdrawal, which some liken in severity to opiate withdrawal, is another major cause of air rage incidents.

Passengers caught smoking in the toilets occasionally assault flight attendants and have been known to start fires. F Some people feel that the physical environment of a plane can lead to air rage. Seats on most airlines have become smaller in recent years as airlines try to increase profits. This leads to uncomfortable and irritated passengers. Also, space for carry on luggage is often very small. Many air rage incidents start when disappointed passengers demand to be reseated.

Finally, there is some evidence to show that low oxygen levels can raise aggression level and make people feel more desperate. Airlines have lowered oxygen levels to save money. Now the level of oxygen in the air that the pilots breathe is ten times higher than in cabin class. G Another reason that has been suggested is that society is getting ruder and less patient. The increased congestion at airports, longer queues and increased delays have only added to this.

In addition, some air rage incidents have been linked to the demanding nature of high achieving business people, who do not like people telling them what to do and resent the power that the cabin staff have over them. For them, a flight attendant is a waiter or waitress who should do what the passenger wants.

H The strongest calls for action to control air rage have come from pilots and aircrew. They want to notify all passengers of the penalties for air rage before taking off, rather than after the passenger begins to cause serious problems, when it may be too late.There are many grim landmarks in the history of aviation.

One in particular stands out. Three decades ago, travellers and crew lost their lives on board commercial aircraft in a single month - more than in any other before or since.

The deaths occurred in four separate accidents in August Each disaster had quite different causes. The aircraft involved ranged from a with hundreds on board to a tiny twin engine turboprop carrying just eight people. There was Japan Air Lines flightthe worst single-aircraft accident in history, in which of on board were killed.

A further died when Delta flight flew into heavy winds as it approached Dallas-Fort Worth International. And all those on board the smallest aircraft, Bar Harbor Airlines flightlost their lives as it flew into a small airport in Maine, USA. Each, in their own way, had a lasting legacy, whether in the memories of those left bereaved or in changes in technology and procedure introduced as a direct result.

The worst death toll was on Japan Air Lines Flighta Boeingwhich was en route from Tokyo to Osaka on 12 August when the airtight bulkhead between its cabin and tail tore open. The change in pressure blew off the vertical stabiliser, or tail fin. It also destroyed the hydraulic systems. The plane lurched up and down.

Aqui te espero translation

Choose the correct letter, ABC or D. At the end of second paragraph we can clearly see, that a twin engine turboprop can carry two people. In the beginnig of the third paragraph we can read that: " Japan Air Lines flightthe worst single-aircraft accident in history Although answer A and B seem plausible, they are the consequences of answer C.

Writing correction. August The worst month for air disasters There are many grim landmarks in the history of aviation. All rights reserved.Hi, I'm Liz. This topic was reported in the test this month, July Neither birds nor bats, pterosaurs were reptiles, close cousins of dinosaurs who evolved on a separate branch of the reptile family tree.

They were also the first animals after insects to evolve powered flight—not just leaping or gliding, but flapping their wings to generate lift and travel through the air. They evolved into dozens of species. Some were as large as an F fighter jet, and others as small as a paper airplane. Pterosaurs were an extremely successful group of reptiles. They flourished all through the age of dinosaurs, a period of more than million years. Over time, the earliest pterosaurs—relatively small flying reptiles with sturdy bodies and long tails—evolved into a broad variety of species.

ielts academic practice test 3 reading answers driving on air

Some had long, slender jaws, elaborate head crests, or specialized teeth, and some were extraordinarily large. This passage is from amnh. The answers are now available. Click to see answers: Answers to pterosaur reading exercise. Email Address. I am so grateful for your kind assistance to all of us.

You are so generous to share your wisdom and very accommodating in all our questions. May our Good Lord bless you always because your heart is so genuine and you are helping a lot of people everyday with your online teachings. Hi Liz, I must say that you are a great teacher.

You have that flair for describing everything, from listening to writing.

Hankook tire stickers

Very perplexed. Information is current and up-to-date. Thanks Liz I got them all right before I saw the answers,keep on posting pls reading is a problem. Hi Liz, Could I please know what are the correct answers? Sorry ,I am not sure if you have posted the answers already. Please what is the correct answer for yesterday reading practice.

ielts academic practice test 3 reading answers driving on air

My answer were 1 true 2 false 3 not given. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Click below:. Hi, my name is Elizabeth Liz. Pterosaurs were the first creatures to be able to fly by creating lift. Pterosaurs were able to fly as high as modern aeroplanes.The IELTS preparation materials here will ensure you can have the practice you need before sitting the exam.

In the academic part of the test you have to describe some kind of graph, diagram or map Task 1 and write an essay Task 2. In the general part you have to write a letter Task 1 and write an essay Task 2. Listening is the same for academic and general training. Each section gets progressively more difficult. Don't worry if you get low marks for section 4, it's very difficult.

Concentrate on getting as many marks as you can from the first three sections. Listening Test Three. Listening Test Four.

Dawn dish soap for mange

In a full reading test there are a total of three reading passages which you have to do in 60 minutes. Each one of these is just one reading passage, so if you were doing it under timed conditions it should take 20 minutes.

So doing three of them would be a full reading test. Sample Reading 1 - Air Rage.

Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 3 Reading passage 1 - Step by Step Answers

Sample Reading 2 - Wind Power. Sample Reading 3 - The Container Trade. Sample Reading 5 - Indian Marriages. Sample Reading 6 - El Nino.

You can download these readings here PDF.

Huntington police arrests

The British Council also has a full academic reading practice test on its site. You can check that out here:. Test 1 Section 1 - Rail Cards. Test 1 Section 3 - Growth of Pilates. Speaking is the same for academic and general training. In part one you are asked easy questions about everyday topics such as work, hobbies, the weather, travelling etc.

In part two you have to speak for two minutes on a topic the examiner gives you.

IELTS Reading Sample (Academic) #3

If you are planning to take the computer based IELTS test you can find links to practice tests here:. I know that's not academic language, but it's the truth! View the eBooks.


comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *